Posted on September 9, 2010 by iMFdirect
By Reza Moghadam
Though the recent global crisis started in the advanced economies, most emerging markets came under pressure; it seemed that no country, especially those most interconnected, was immune from tremendous economic strain. Now, as the crisis abates, there is an emerging consensus that something needs to be done. A better safety net is needed to enable countries with good policies to insure against bad outcomes, especially when they are innocent bystanders caught up in a financial turmoil.
Last week, the IMF took another step toward meeting this need by enhancing its country insurance facilities. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Financial Crisis, G-20, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: capital flows, contagion, country insurance facilities, emerging market spreads, Flexible Credit Line, global financial safety net, precautionary credit line, regional financial safety nets, reserves, surveillance, systemic crisis, systemic shocks | 5 Comments »
Posted on August 16, 2010 by iMFdirect
By Laura Kodres
Just as a tornado in Kansas transplanted Dorothy and, her dog, Toto, from familiar comforts to the unknown land of Oz, the global crisis has led many to wonder what has become of the global financial system and, more importantly, what will it look like next. Is the wicked witch of the West—excessive risk taking and leverage—really dead?
But now, as the storm subsides, there is time to speculate about what the future financial sector might look like. My IMF colleague, Aditya Narain, and I have done just that in a new Staff Position Note that attempts to discern the contours of this new financial landscape. What is clear is that the new landscape will be influenced by both the private and public sectors—their reactions to the crisis and to each other.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Emerging Markets, Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, Financial sector supervision, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Multilateral Cooperation | Tagged: banks, contagion, deleveraging, financial reform, Financial regulation, financial sector reform, financial sector supervision, financial supervision, financial system risk, global financial system, leverage, macrofinancial linkages, macroprudential regulation, nonbanks, regulatory perimeter, risk taking, systemic collapse, systemic risk | 5 Comments »
Posted on April 22, 2010 by iMFdirect
By Reza Moghadam
Let’s rewind the tape to October 2008. Barely a couple of weeks have passed since Lehman filed for bankruptcy, and emerging markets are selling off like crazy. The vaunted “decoupling” theories—hailed as visionary only a few months before—lie in tatters as investors flee in droves. With its mandate to foster global economic stability, the IMF comes under the spotlight: many observers question whether the institution has what it takes to stop contagion and help emerging markets cope with global deleveraging.
With strong support from its membership, the IMF did not hesitate to come to the rescue. It provided large and upfront financial assistance to help countries weather the crisis. It overhauled its lending toolkit, notably by establishing the Flexible Credit Line (an instrument allowing countries with very strong policies to tap IMF resources unconditionally). And, importantly, its membership, building on the political momentum of the G-20, committed to tripling its resource base. These actions helped put out the fire, setting emerging market spreads on a downward trajectory.
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Economic research, Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: capital flows, central bank swap lines, contagion, countercyclical lending, Decoupling, deleveraging, emerging market spreads, Flexible Credit Line, moral hazard, reserves, systemic shocks | 1 Comment »