Posted on September 8, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Era Dabla-Norris
Much of the debate on inequality focuses on its deleterious social and political effects and its impact on growth. But an equally important issue is what policies play a clear role in reducing income inequality.
The results of our new study suggest that improvements in education—even more than factors such as government expenditure or financial sector development—have contributed in an important way to reducing income inequality within countries.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Finance, Globalization, growth, Inequality, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: education, expenditure reform, income inequality, inequality, technology, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 16, 2014 by iMFdirect
By: Sanjeev Gupta and Martine Guerguil
(Version in Español, Français, Русский, 中文, and 日本語)
The global financial crisis brought to the fore the question of sustainability of public finances. But it merely exacerbated a situation that was bound to attract attention sooner or later—governments all over the world have been spending more and more in recent decades. Here at the IMF, we’ve been looking into the factors behind this increase in public spending, particularly social spending, and our latest Fiscal Monitor report discusses some of the options for spending reform.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, growth, International Monetary Fund, Low-income countries, Public debt | Tagged: education, expenditure reform, Fiscal Monitor, health care reform, private sector involvement, public finances, reforms | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 25, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Anoop Singh
With economic growth expected to continue at a reasonably good clip this year and next, it’s all too easy to think there’s not much to worry about. Even as Diwali celebrations begin across India, the outlook for the world economy is fairly uneven and uncertain. More worrisome than the subdued global growth outlook, risks are building up especially in Europe—and these include an extreme scenario with financial disruption.
Although India’s economy has generally been less prone to external forces than many others, we still need to contend with the larger than typical risks in the global economy. These risks harken the need for a new wave of reforms.
What does the more somber darker global outlook mean for India? And exactly what policies are needed? Continue reading
Filed under: Asia, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Emerging Markets, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: domestic demand, economic growth, expenditure reform, export diversification, external risks, financial integration, financial shocks, fiscal consolidation, IMF, iMFdirect, inflation, International Monetary Fund, Regional Economic Outlook: Asia, Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific, spillovers, stock market, transmission channel | 4 Comments »