Posted on May 12, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Antonio Borges
(Versions in Español, Français, Português, Русский)
Banks―and the loans they provided in the run-up to the crisis―are at the heart of Europe’s problems today.
Yet it would be wrong to conclude that the crisis was caused by too much financial integration. In fact, the real problem may have been that there was too little financial integration.
Policies to promote deeper integration of Europe’s banks―including through cross-border merger and acquisitions―should be part of the solution. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic outlook, Europe, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: banks, capital flows, cross-border mergers and acquisitions, current account deficits, European Union, external debt, financial integration, financial sector, fixed exchange rates, foreign exchange risk, interest rates, market failures, Regional Economic Outlook: Europe, regulatory and supervisory frameworks, sovereign debt, sustainable growth, the euro | 3 Comments »
Posted on October 28, 2010 by iMFdirect
By David Owen
(Version in Русский)
Countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia region—especially those that import, rather than export, oil—were hit hard by the Great Recession of 2008/09. The good news is that, today, the outlook for those countries is broadly positive. But, as often seems to be the case in today’s world, this good news is tempered with a word of caution.
According to our latest Regional Economic Outlook for the Middle East and Central Asia, there are a number of downside risks. And the key challenge for these four countries—Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan—will be to take actions now to address these risks. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Armenia, current account deficits, domestic saving, economic rebalancing, exchange rate depreciation, exchange rate flexibility, external debt, external vulnerability, Fiscal Stimulus, Georgia, Kyrgyz Republic, monetary stimulus, Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia, Tajikistan | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 19, 2010 by iMFdirect
By Reza Moghadam
How time flies: only a year ago, we were in the throes of the biggest global crisis since the Great Depression. As the extent of the damage to institutions in financial centers became evident—starkly highlighted by the Lehman bankruptcy—and the crisis started to affect emerging market economies (EMs), a timely and coordinated countercyclical response was launched.
This helped stave off the worst of the crisis. The IMF supported the global response by increasing its resources and overhauling its lending framework to help those facing financing pressures. A recovery is now taking hold in many parts of the world.
Six months ago, we took a preliminary look at the design and performance of IMF-supported programs in emerging markets. In a forthcoming paper, we are casting a wider net—examining factors that determined the extent to which a broader group of EMs were affected by the crisis, the policy measures they have taken, factors shaping the ongoing recovery, and sustainability considerations over the medium term.
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Financial Crisis, Fiscal Stimulus | Tagged: asset price bubbles, capital flows, countercyclical policies, credit boom, credit bust, external debt, external vulnerability, Fiscal Stimulus, fixed exchange rates, international reserves, monetary stimulus | 1 Comment »