Posted on May 12, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Antonio Borges
(Versions in Español, Français, Português, Русский)
Banks―and the loans they provided in the run-up to the crisis―are at the heart of Europe’s problems today.
Yet it would be wrong to conclude that the crisis was caused by too much financial integration. In fact, the real problem may have been that there was too little financial integration.
Policies to promote deeper integration of Europe’s banks―including through cross-border merger and acquisitions―should be part of the solution. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic outlook, Europe, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: banks, capital flows, cross-border mergers and acquisitions, current account deficits, European Union, external debt, financial integration, financial sector, fixed exchange rates, foreign exchange risk, interest rates, market failures, Regional Economic Outlook: Europe, regulatory and supervisory frameworks, sovereign debt, sustainable growth, the euro | 3 Comments »
Posted on April 21, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Leslie Lipschitz and Bas Bakker
For all the talk today about capital flows into emerging economies, the topic has actually been debated for many years within the IMF.
For a decade or more, we have grappled with the idea that very large capital flows into successful emerging market countries were almost inevitable and would prove extremely difficult to manage.
And now, with capital flows becoming larger and more volatile, old policy dilemmas are resurfacing with even greater force.
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Emerging Markets, Europe, Financial Crisis, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: asset price bubbles, capital flows, credit growth, current account deficits, exchange rate, exchange rate flexibility, exchange rate regimes, external vulnerability, fixed exchange rates, foreign currency exposure, foreign exchange risk, interest rates, investment, macroprudential policies, monetary policy, rates of return, risk premiums | 1 Comment »