Posted on February 23, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Christine Lagarde
(Versions in 中文, Français, 日本語, Русский, عربي and Español)
Leveling the legal playing field for women holds real promise for the world—in both human and economic terms. Unfortunately, that promise remains largely ignored and its potential untapped. In too many countries, too many legal restrictions conspire against women to be economically active—to work.
What can be done to remove these barriers? A new study done by IMF economists seeks to answer that question.
The bottom line? It’s about a fair, level playing field.
Filed under: Africa, Asia, Economic research, Employment, Global Governance, growth, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Latin America, Middle East, Reform | Tagged: child care, East Asia, education, Egypt, employment, empowering women, female labor participation, gender wage gap, Japan, Kenya, labor force, labor market, labor regulations, Middle East and North Africa, Namibia, Peru, U.A.E, U.S., women | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 19, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Davide Furceri and Prakash Loungani
(Versions in عربي, 中文, Français, 日本語, Русский, and Español)
Unemployment is a global problem. If the unemployed formed their own country, it would be the fifth largest in the world. Of the nearly 200 million people around the world looking for work, half are in emerging markets and about a quarter in advanced economies, reflecting the growing weight of emerging markets in the global labor force (Figure 1).
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Europe, G-20, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, unemployment | Tagged: advanced economies, emerging economies, frontier economies, G20, gowth, infrastructure, job creation, jobs, labor force, Russia, unemployment, United States, World Economic Outlook | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 5, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Deniz Igan
(version in Español)
There was a time in the not-so-distant past when science fiction could make us look forward to a better world. We had uplifting visions of the future in shows like Star Trek and Back to the Future. Today, the menu of options only offers a dystopian world ruined by poverty and violence (think The Hunger Games, Divergent, or Elysium).
It sure is easy to get pessimistic these days. Six years after the financial crisis, the recovery in the United States has been fragile and weaker than anything we have seen in the post-WWII period. Growth figures, in large part, have been serial disappointments, disrupted by government shutdowns, debt ceiling showdowns, or meteorologically-triggered slowdowns.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Employment, Financial Crisis, Fiscal, Fiscal policy, Government, growth, Politics, Reform | Tagged: Article IV, deficit, education, global financial crisis, immigration, infrastructure, labor force, recovery, tax reform, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 23, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Prakash Loungani
(version in 中文)
Raising the minimum wage is a polarizing issue. One side worries that raising it will lower employment. The other side downplays the impact on employment and plays up the positive impact on the living standards of the poor. Both sides are able to cling to their beliefs as the evidence, much of which comes from high-income (“advanced”) economies, is mixed.
The majority of the global labor force, however, is in the emerging markets. Moreover, for a number of these countries, instituting a minimum wage or raising it is squarely on the policy agenda. But little is known about the impacts of minimum wages on employment and living standards in emerging markets.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Asia, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Fiscal policy, Global Governance, growth, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, unemployment | Tagged: China, employment, income, labor force, labor market, manufacturing, minimum wage | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 25, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Roberto Cardarelli and Lusine Lusinyan
(Versión en español)
Today’s Pop Quiz: What do Oregon and New Mexico have in common? What could possibly link the spectacular vistas of Crater Lake to the glistening White Sands?
Answer: One link is these two states have the highest share of computer and electronic production in the entire United States. Think Intel in the Silicon Forest or Los Alamos. They also rank similarly in information technology usage by their businesses.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic outlook, Economic research, Employment, Financial Crisis, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: consumption, exports, human capital, investment, Labor, labor force, technology, U.S., United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on August 7, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Ravi Balakrishnan
(Version in Español)
It’s not supposed to be this way. As the U.S. economy recovers, hirings increase and people are encouraged to look for jobs again. Instead, the ratio of the adult population with jobs, or looking for one—what’s called the labor force participation rate—has been falling, standing at 62.9 percent in July 2014 (Figure 1).
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Employment, Financial Crisis, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, unemployment | Tagged: Great Recession, job-creating growth, labor force, labor market, Macroeconomic policies, United States, youth | Leave a comment »
Posted on February 7, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Prakash Loungani
(Version in Español)
Over 200 million people are unemployed around the globe today, over a fifth of them in advanced economies. Unemployment rates in these economies shot up at the onset of the Great Recession and, five years later, remain very high. Some argue that this is to be expected given that the economy remains well below trend and press for greater easing of macroeconomic policies (e.g. Krugman, 2011, Kocherlakota (2014)). Others suggest that the job losses, particularly in countries like Spain and Ireland, have been too large to be explained by developments in output, and may largely reflect structural problems in their labor markets. Even in the United States, where unemployment rates have fallen over the past year, there is concern that increasing numbers of people are dropping out of the labor force, thus decoupling jobs and growth.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Employment, Finance, growth, International Monetary Fund, recession | Tagged: Austria, employment, Great Recession, Ireland, Italy, jobs, labor force, labor market, Prakash Loungani, Spain, structural reform, unemployed, unemployment, United States | Leave a comment »