Posted on April 15, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Vitor Gaspar
Does fiscal policy respond systematically to economic activity? Can fiscal policy promote macroeconomic stability? Does greater stability support stronger growth? The answer is yes on all counts. This finding, while seemingly obvious, is now backed by numbers to match each question. The April 2015 Fiscal Monitor explores how.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Employment, Finance, Financial Crisis, Fiscal, Fiscal policy, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Reform | Tagged: advanced economies, financial volatility, Fiscal Monitor, fiscal policy, Fiscal rules, fiscal stabilization, macroeconomic stability, public finances | Leave a comment »
Posted on December 4, 2013 by iMFdirect
By Christine Lagarde
Cambodia is the first leg of my Asia trip. This is a country that has already grown by leaps and bounds, and now stands at the frontier of becoming an emerging market economy in the heart of the most dynamic hub of the global economy.
I could feel this energy and excitement everywhere. Cambodians, especially young Cambodians, have big dreams and substantial societal aspirations. They want dignity and respect, so that they can fulfill their potential, both as individuals and as a nation. They want to embrace the wider world and all that it has to offer. They want good governance and strong institutions, which are essential to underpin economic development, empower people and ensure that prosperity is broadly shared.
I heard these themes consistently—from inspiring women leaders, from dynamic young economists, and from the students at the Royal School of Administration, where I gave a speech on how Cambodia can keep its forward momentum.
Filed under: Asia, Emerging Markets, Employment, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Low-income countries, Politics | Tagged: cambodia, capacity building, Christine Lagarde, education, macroeconomic stability, women | Leave a comment »
Posted on May 23, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Masood Ahmed
Most policymakers in the Middle East and North Africa agree that stronger economic growth is a crucial component of any strategy to address the region’s persistently high levels of unemployment and raise its living standards. One question that arises is: What role can the financial sector play?
It is well known that a dynamic and vibrant financial sector will improve economic outcomes for a country, leading to faster and more equitable economic growth. The key to answering this question, therefore, is to look to the past and examine how the financial sector has contributed historically to growth in the region. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic outlook, Employment, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Middle East | Tagged: bank credit, bank intermediation, banking competition, banking sector, credit information, economic growth, equity, financial depth, financial sector, financial services, financial shallowness, macroeconomic stability, Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and North Africa, stock market, unemployment | 7 Comments »
Posted on May 9, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Dominique Desruelle and Catherine Pattillo
(Versions in 中文, Português, Español, Русский)
The so-called BRIC nations—Brazil, Russia, India and China—could be a game changer for how low-income countries build their economic futures.
The growing economic and financial reach of the BRICs has seen them become a new source of growth for low-income countries (LICs).
LIC-BRIC ties—particularly trade, investment and development financing—have surged over the past decade. And the relationship could take on even more prominence after the global financial crisis, with stronger growth in the BRICs and their demand for LIC exports helping to buffer against sluggish demand in most advanced economies.
The potential benefits from LIC-BRIC ties are enormous.
But, so too are challenges and risks that must be managed if the LIC-BRIC relationship to support durable and balanced growth in LICs. Continue reading
Filed under: Emerging Markets, growth, International Monetary Fund, Low-income countries | Tagged: balanced and sustainable growth, Brazil, BRICs, China, commercial financing, commodity trap, concessional lending, development financing, government debt, growth drivers, India, infrastructure development, investment, investment financing, macroeconomic stability, manufacturing, Russia, structural changes, tax incentives, trade, trade preferences, transparency | 5 Comments »
Posted on April 8, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Andrew G. Berg and Jonathan D. Ostry
Many of us have been struck by the huge increase in income inequality in the United States in the past thirty years. The rich have gotten much richer, while just about everyone else has had very modest income growth.
Some dismiss inequality and focus instead on overall growth—arguing, in effect, that a rising tide lifts all boats. But assume we have a thousand boats representing all the households in the United States, with boat length proportional to family income. In the late 1970s, the average boat was a 12 foot canoe and the biggest yacht was 250 feet long. Thirty years later, the average boat is a slightly roomier 15 footer, while the biggest yacht, at over 1100 feet, would dwarf the Titanic! When a handful of yachts become ocean liners while the rest remain lowly canoes, something is seriously amiss.
In fact, inequality matters. And it matters in all corners of the globe. Continue reading
Filed under: growth, Inequality, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: debt, economic growth, growth, income distribution, income inequality, inequality, macroeconomic stability, sustainable growth, trade openness | 42 Comments »
Posted on March 25, 2011 by iMFdirect
Guest post by Michael Spence, New York University,
Professor Emeritus Stanford University, and
co-host of the Conference on Macro and Growth Policies in the Wake of the Crisis
It was a privilege to participate in the IMF conference devoted to rethinking policy frameworks in the wake of the crisis. Highly encouraging was the openness of the discussion, the range of views, the willingness to question orthodoxy, and the posture of humility.
One gets the impression that the crisis has triggered a response that it should trigger, and we have embarked on a path of rethinking conceptual frameworks and policy choices in a way that will contribute to the stability of the system.
That said, the good news is that we recognize that in finance and parts of macroeconomics the models or frameworks are incomplete. That represents a challenge to the academic community. But it also means that, in the short run, participants and regulators will be operating with incomplete models. This will require judgments (which will be uncomfortable in contrast to the earlier sense of certainty). There will be mistakes. And, as Olivier Blanchard said in his excellent summary, we will proceed step-by-step, evaluating the impacts of policy choices and sometimes reversing course. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Economic research, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Financial regulation, financial risk, financial stability, financial system, high-frequency trading, leverage, macroeconomic frameworks, macroeconomic models, macroeconomic stability, policy instruments, policy targets, structural changes | 10 Comments »