Posted on November 29, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Philip Gerson and Johannes Wiegand
For an economist interested in examining the evolution of monetary and exchange rate regimes, Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) provides a habitat of unparalleled diversity. Almost every type of regime can be found in the region: from floating and inflation targeting over various pegs to the unilateral use of the euro and full euro area membership.
Filed under: deflation, Economic research, euro zone, Europe, exchange rates, Fiscal policy, IMF, inflation, International Monetary Fund, structural reforms | Tagged: Central Europe, CESEE, deflation, Europe, eurozone, exchange rate flexibility, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates, fiscal policy, inflation, monetary policy, Southeastern Europe, structural policy | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 21, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Roberto Cardarelli
Versions in Português (Portuguese), and Español (Spanish)
Most people know Argentina as the land of tango, Malbec, and some of the greatest soccer players of all times. But Argentina is also famous for being home to some of the most diverse and extreme landscapes of the world—from subtropical rainforests and Iguazu Falls in the north to the glaciers of Perito Moreno in the south, and from the lowest site in South America (Laguna del Carbón) to the highest elevation in the Americas (Aconcagua mountain).
Filed under: Economic research, Fiscal policy, Government, growth, inflation, International Monetary Fund, Latin America, Reform, taxation, trade | Tagged: Argentina, economic assessment, fiscal policy, growth, IMF, iMFdirect blog, inflation targeting, International Monetary Fund, Latin America, reform, taxation, trade | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 10, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Ruud de Mooij, Michael Keen, and Alexander Tieman
“The Great Distortion.” That’s what The Economist, in its cover story of May 2015¸ called the systematic tax advantage of debt over equity that is found in almost every tax system.
This “debt bias” is now widely recognized as a real risk to economic stability. A new IMF study argues that it needs to feature more prominently on tax reform agendas; it also sets out options for how to do that.
Filed under: Economic research, Finance, Fiscal policy, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Public debt, taxation | Tagged: allowance for corporate equity (ACE), debt, debt financing, equity, European Commission, European Union, finance, fiscal policy, IMF, iMFdirect blog, International Monetary Fund, taxation | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 9, 2016 by iMFdirect
Versions in عربي (Arabic), Français (French), and Español (Spanish)
The link between jobs and economic growth is not always a straight line for countries, but that doesn’t mean it’s broken.
Economists track the relationship between jobs and growth using Okun’s Law, which says that higher growth leads to lower unemployment.
New research from the IMF looks at Okun’s Law and asks, based on the evidence, will growth create jobs? The findings show a striking variation across countries in how employment responds to GDP growth over the course of a year. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, G-20, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, jobs, labor force, U.S., unemployment | Tagged: advanced economies, emerging economies, employment, GDP, growth, IMF, iMFdirect blog, infrastructure investment, International Monetary Fund, jobs, labor force, Okun's law, unemployment, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 2, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia and Montfort Mlachila
Versions in Français (French), and Português (Portuguese)
Migration of sub-Saharan Africans is growing rapidly. Just like the region’s population, the number of migrants doubled since 1990 to reach about 20 million in 2013. In the coming decades, migration will expand given the demographic boom in the working-age population—the group that typically feeds migration. We studied these trends in a recent paper because both receiving and sending countries need the right policies so all can benefit.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Africa, developing countries, Economic research, Employment, growth, International Monetary Fund, labor force, Migration, refugees | Tagged: advanced economies, Cote d’Ivoire, demographics, economic growth, France, IMF, iMFdirect blog, International Monetary Fund, labor force, Migration, OECD, refugees, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, United Kingdom, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 1, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Maurice Obstfeld, Douglas Laxton, Yulia Ustyugova, and Hou Wang
For the past 25 years, Canada’s monetary policy framework has been working well. Headline inflation averaged 1.9 percent, 1994–2015, and long-term inflation expectations have been very well anchored to the 2 percent target (Chart 1).
Filed under: Advanced Economies, banking, Economic research, IMF, inflation targeting, International Monetary Fund, monetary policy, U.S. | Tagged: Bank of Canada, Bank of England, debt-to-GDP ratio, Dincer-Eichengreen transparency index, IMF, inflation targeting, interest rates, International Monetary Fund, monetary policy, United States | Leave a comment »