Low growth, high inequality, and slow progress on structural reforms are among the key issues that G20 leaders will discuss at their meeting in Hangzhou, China, this weekend. This meeting comes at an important moment for the global economy. The political pendulum threatens to swing against economic openness, and without forceful policy actions, the world could suffer from disappointing growth for a long time. Continue reading
by Jeff Hayden
My mother eases her car into the drive-through lane at our local bank, signs the back of her check, and places it in a metal canister. WHOOSH—the cylinder flies through a pneumatic tube to the teller inside the building.
In a few minutes, the teller squawks her thanks from the intercom speaker nearby. Another WHOOSH, and the canister returns. Inside we find a deposit receipt and a lollipop. Welcome to high-efficiency consumer banking, circa 1973.
Summer 2016. In our kitchen, I watch my oldest son rip open his paycheck and whip out his iPhone. TAP. SWIPE. CLICK. The deposit is made in an instant, thanks to an app that plugs him into an electronic banking network.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Africa, Asia, banking, China, developing countries, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, euro zone, Europe, Finance, Globalization, IMF, International Monetary Fund, technology | Tagged: Aditya Narain, Andrew Berg, Chris Wellisz, cybercrime, cybertheft, de dollarization, Edward Buffie, Felipe Zanna, Hal Varian, monetary policy, Nancy Birdsall, Peru, public-private partnerships, remittances, robots, Sanjiv Ranjan Das, Sharmini Coorey, smart machines, technology | Leave a comment »
It’s been a busy summer, and you might not have had a chance to read everything as it came across your screen. So as your holidays wind down and you head to work, the editors at iMFdirect have put together some key blogs on hot topics to help you get back up to speed by September.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Asia, banking, China, climate change, Emerging Markets, Employment, Europe, IMF, inflation, International Monetary Fund, labor markets, monetary policy, oil, refugees, U.S. | Tagged: aging work force, carbon tax, China, emigration | Leave a comment »
Following a rough start at the beginning of the year, both external and domestic conditions in Latin America and the Caribbean have improved. But the outlook for the region is still uncertain.
Commodity prices have recovered since their February 2016 trough, but they are still expected to remain low for the foreseeable future. This has been accompanied by a brake—or even a reversal—in the large exchange rate depreciations in some of the largest economies in the region.
Filed under: Caribbean, Economic outlook, Emerging Markets, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Latin America, South America, trade, Transition | Tagged: Argentina, Brazil, Brexit, Central America, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, exchange rate depreciation, export revenues, GDP, growth potential, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, Mexico, Peru, trade, Uruguay, Venezuela | Leave a comment »
A suitcase filled with multiple passports? That’s not just the stuff of spy movies anymore. Increasingly, a growing number of high-net worth individuals are looking to have a passport portfolio. This has led to a proliferation of so-called citizenship-by-investment or economic citizenship programs that allow individuals from all over the world to legitimately acquire passports.
Filed under: Caribbean, Emerging Markets, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment | Tagged: capital inflows, Caribbean, economic citizenship, GDP, governance, IMF, iMFdirect, income growth, International Monetary Fund, investment, sustainable growth | Leave a comment »
By David Lipton
There were a lot of dramatic headlines over the weekend suggesting that Brexit signals the beginning of the end of globalization. Surely, it is too soon to understand all the ramifications of the British referendum. But at the same time, today is surely a good day to make the case for multilateralism. While there are plenty of reasons to be concerned about the future, I will argue that globalization still has promise. But to achieve that promise, we will need a fresh look at multilateralism and the role the international financial institutions can play.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Asia, developing countries, Emerging Markets, Europe, Globalization, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: advanced economies, Brexit, current account deficits, David Lipton, developing countries, emerging markets, Europe, Globalization, IMF, International Monetary Fund, multilateralism | Leave a comment »
Today at the IMF, the Governor of the People’s Bank of China, Zhou Xiaochuan, gave the Michel Camdessus Central Banking Lecture in Washington, D.C.
With China’s economy undergoing a transition, Governor Zhou spoke about managing monetary policy with multiple objectives, and the independence of central banks.
“For central banks with a single objective, it is relatively easy to be independent. However, if a central bank has multiple objectives, it may be harder to be immune from the political reality.”
Zhou also discussed the role of central banks in economies undergoing a transition to a market economy.
“If central banks do not promote financial reforms or development of financial markets, there would be no healthy financial institutions or market mechanisms, let alone smooth transmission of monetary policy. Furthermore, like other emerging market economies, transition economies have a low level of development and hoped to make up for the ‘lost decades’.”
You can watch Governor Zhou’s speech and his discussion with IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde.
Filed under: Asia, banking, Emerging Markets, Fiscal policy, IMF, International Monetary Fund, monetary policy, Transition | Tagged: central bank independence, China, economic transition, monetary policy, People's Bank of China, price stability, Zhou Xiaochuan | Leave a comment »