Posted on July 11, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Vivek Arora
Version in 中文 (Chinese), Español (Spanish)
IMF lending increased to unprecedented levels in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. As difficulties emerged, we extended financial support to countries across the world—in the euro area, Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and emerging economies in Europe.
The IMF tried to draw lessons in real time as the crisis evolved in order to adapt our operations. We reviewed individual programs and, from time to time, paused and took stock of our experience across countries.
Filed under: Economic research, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Multilateral Cooperation | Tagged: Africa, Arab Spring, Asia, crisis programs, emerging economies, Europe, financial crises, financing arrangements, fiscal policy, global financial crisis, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, Middle East, structural reforms | Leave a comment »
Posted on July 1, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Sean Hagan and Ross Leckow
Since the 2008 global financial crisis, the international community has made a great deal of progress in strengthening legal frameworks governing the financial sector, but a great deal more needs to be done to implement international standards and develop appropriate approaches to emerging challenges.
Filed under: banking, Financial regulation, Government, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: AML/CFT, banking regulat, corresponding bank relationships, emerging economies, financial inclusion, financial stability, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, Islamic banking, law, legal frameworks, money laundering, shadow banking | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 30, 2016 by iMFdirect
When global banks decide to withdraw from some countries and no longer do business with banks there, the global effect so far has been a gentle ripple, but if unaddressed, it may become more like a tsunami for the countries they leave.
Filed under: banking, Financial regulation, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment, trade | Tagged: Angola, banking services, Caribbean, Financial regulation, financial system, foreign payments, global banks, growth, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, investment, jobs, Liberia, Samoa, trade | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 6, 2016 by iMFdirect
The global financial crisis led to a broad rethink of macroeconomic and financial policies in the global academic and policy community. Eight months into the job as IMF Chief Economist, Maury Obstfeld reflects on the IMF’s role in this rethinking and in furthering economic and financial stability.
Filed under: Economic research, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, IMF, International Monetary Fund, trade | Tagged: capital flows, competitive markets, financial stability, fiscal policy, global financial crisis, IMF, International Monetary Fund, macroeconomic stability, Maurice Obstfeld, trade | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 21, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Cheng Hoon Lim
(Version in Français)
Canada’s housing market is sizzling hot and the Bank of Canada has a monetary policy dilemma: increase interest rates to cool the housing market would hurt borrowers and the economy; keep interest rates low adds fuel to the borrowing that led to the rise in housing prices and in household debt. What to do?
Filed under: Advanced Economies, banking, Financial regulation, housing, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Bank of Canada, Canada, financial stability, GDP, house prices, household debt, housing market, IMF, iMFdirect, monetary policy, mortgages | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 3, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Jihad Dagher, Giovanni Dell’Ariccia, Luc Laeven, Lev Ratnovski, and Hui Tong
The appropriate level of bank capital and, more generally, a bank’s capacity to absorb losses, has been a contentious subject of discussion since the financial crisis. Larger buffers give bankers “skin in the game” helping to prevent excessive risk taking and absorb losses during crises. But, some argue, they might increase the cost of financial intermediation and slow economic growth.
Filed under: banking, Europe, Finance, Financial Crisis, International Monetary Fund, U.S. | Tagged: advanced economies, bank capital, bank credit, bank recapitalization, banking, capital buffers, capital flows, Europe, IMF, International Monetary Fund, nonperforming loans, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on February 9, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Elva Bova, Marta Ruiz-Arranz, Frederik Toscani, and Elif Ture
(Version in Español)
Budgets can be full of surprises. And not always good ones. Often times, debt increases significantly because an unforeseen obligation materializes. These contingent liabilities, as they are known in the economist’s jargon, can have significant economic and fiscal costs. In fact, on many occasions, large and unexpected increases in debt across the world were due to the materialization of contingent liabilities. That is why they are often called hidden deficits.
Filed under: Asia, Economic Crisis, Financial Crisis, Fiscal, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Asia, Asian crisis, bailouts, contingent liabilities, deficits, Europe, GDP, global financial crisis, Greece, growth volatility, public-private partnerships | Leave a comment »