Posted on January 31, 2017 by iMFdirect
By Rabah Arezki
Agriculture and food markets are plagued with inefficiencies that have dramatic consequences for the welfare of the world’s most vulnerable populations. Globally, farm subsidies amount to over $560 billion a year—equivalent to nearly four times the aid given to developing countries by richer ones. Major emerging-market nations have increased subsidies rapidly, even as rich nations cut theirs drastically. Meanwhile, tariffs on farm products remain a major point of contention in global trade talks.
One third of global food production goes to waste, while food insecurity is still rampant in developing countries. Even with the explosion of agricultural productivity since the middle of the 20th century, food security remains a challenge for much of the developing world. Food-calorie production will have to expand by 70 percent by 2050 to keep up with a global population that’s forecast to grow to 9.7 billion from last year’s 7.3 billion. Food insecurity can lead to violence and conflicts that can spill over well beyond borders. Continue reading
Filed under: Africa, Asia, China, commodities, developing countries, Emerging Markets, Globalization, IMF, India, International Monetary Fund, Investment, natural disasters, poverty, trade | Tagged: agriculture, Farm Subsidies, Food Insecurity, Sub-Saharan Africa | Leave a comment »
Posted on January 24, 2017 by iMFdirect
By Prakash Loungani
Versions in 中文 (Chinese), Français (French), and Español (Spanish)
Four years ago, at the World Economic Forum in Davos, IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde warned of the dangers of rising inequality, a topic that has now risen to the very top of the global policy agenda.
While the IMF’s work on inequality has attracted the most attention, it is one of several new areas into which the institution has branched out in recent years. A unifying framework for all this work can be summarized in two words: Inclusive growth. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic research, Globalization, growth, IMF, inclusive growth, Inequality | Tagged: Christine Lagarde, financial globalization, financial inclusion, gender, global policy agenda, governance, growth, IMF, iMFdirect blog, inclusive growth, inequality, International Monetary Fund, jobs, redistribution | Leave a comment »
Posted on January 11, 2017 by iMFdirect
New York Times columnist and best-selling author Thomas Friedman says our lives are being transformed in so many realms at once—it’s dizzying.
“We’re in the middle of 3 accelerations; the market, mother nature, and Moore’s law. Moore’s law says the power of microchips will double every 24 months, mother nature is climate change, biodiversity loss and population, and the market is digital globalization.” Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, climate change, Globalization, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, technology | Tagged: An Optimist’s Guide to Thriving in the Age of Accelerations, change, data, New York Times, technology, Thank You for Being Late, Thomas Friedman | Leave a comment »
Posted on December 29, 2016 by iMFdirect
What a year it has been. 12 months with big implications for the global economy.
In 2016 our readers’ curiosity focused on a wide range of hot topics in the world of economic and financial policy: the economic impact of migration, China’s economic transition, the prospects for negative interest rates, the way forward for Greece, the future of commodity prices, and the outlook for Latin America, to name a few. We compiled this top ten list for the past year based on readership. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Asia, China, commodities, Economic research, euro zone, Europe, exchange rates, Financial markets, Fiscal policy, G-20, Gender issues, Greece, growth, IMF, interest rates, International Monetary Fund, Latin America, negative interest rates, U.S. | Tagged: Alejandro Werner, Christine Lagarde, José Viñals, Maurice Obstfeld, Poul Thomsen, Vitor Gaspar | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 30, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Camilla Lund Andersen
2016 has been a year of political upheaval, as accepted truths about the power of globalization to transform lives and lift millions out of poverty are being questioned by electorates in Europe, the United States, and elsewhere. No longer prepared to take experts and elites at their word, many voters appear to be rejecting the adverse consequences of globalization by casting their ballot for antiestablishment messages and candidates.
Filed under: Employment, Globalization, growth, IMF, income, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Investment, jobs, trade, unemployment | Tagged: employment, F&D, Finance & Development magazine, Globalization, growth, IMF, iMFdirect blog, inequality, International Monetary Fund, investment, jobs, trade, trade unions, unemployment | Leave a comment »
Posted on November 9, 2016 by iMFdirect
Versions in عربي (Arabic), Français (French), and Español (Spanish)
The link between jobs and economic growth is not always a straight line for countries, but that doesn’t mean it’s broken.
Economists track the relationship between jobs and growth using Okun’s Law, which says that higher growth leads to lower unemployment.
New research from the IMF looks at Okun’s Law and asks, based on the evidence, will growth create jobs? The findings show a striking variation across countries in how employment responds to GDP growth over the course of a year. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, G-20, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, jobs, labor force, U.S., unemployment | Tagged: advanced economies, emerging economies, employment, GDP, growth, IMF, iMFdirect blog, infrastructure investment, International Monetary Fund, jobs, labor force, Okun's law, unemployment, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on October 25, 2016 by iMFdirect
The IMF’s Annual Research Conference is coming up November 3 and 4 and the theme this year is macroeconomics after the great recession.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic research, Fiscal, Fiscal policy, Globalization, growth, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, monetary policy, negative interest rates, recession | Tagged: Great Recession, IMF Annual Research Conference, Maurice Obstfeld, Olivier Blanchard | Leave a comment »