Posted on October 4, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Maurice Obstfeld
Versions in: عربي (Arabic), 中文 (Chinese), Français (French), 日本語 (Japanese), Русский (Russian), and Español (Spanish)
A return to the strong, sustainable, balanced, and inclusive growth that Group of Twenty leaders called for at Hangzhou in September still eludes us. Global growth remains weak, even though it shows no noticeable deceleration over the last quarter. The new World Economic Outlook sees a slowdown for the group of advanced economies in 2016 and an offsetting pickup for emerging and developing economies. Taken as a whole, the world economy has moved sideways. Without determined policy action to support economic activity over the short and longer terms, sub-par growth at recent levels risks perpetuating itself—through the negative economic and political forces it is unleashing.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Africa, Annual Meetings, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Financial markets, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: 2014 Brisbane Action Plan, advanced economies, Brexit, China, developing economies, emerging Asia, emerging markets, G20, GDP, growth, IMF, Maurice Obstfeld, Sub-Saharan Africa, technology, trade, World Economic Outlook | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 20, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Stephan Danninger
The U.S. labor market seems to have finally healed. The unemployment rate has been below 5 percent for some time and job growth is steady. And more Americans are coming back to the labor market—in other words, labor participation is increasing. Yet, despite a bump-up in 2015, wage growth so far this year—compared to the 2000s—is still disappointingly low (see Chart 1). This is worrying because consumer spending, which makes up the majority of U.S. economic output, cannot continue at the current pace unless wages grow. Continue reading
Filed under: growth, International Monetary Fund, labor markets, unemployment | Tagged: consumer spending, education, IMF, productivity, United States, vocational training, wages | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 7, 2016 by iMFdirect
Are robots taking over the world economy? Life imitates art, and as robotic technology becomes more sophisticated, robots could soon become perfect substitutes for human labor.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Employment, Globalization, growth, IMF, income, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, labor force, labor markets, technology | Tagged: Andrew Berg, capital, Edward F. Buffie, Finance & Development magazine, global economy, Luis-Felipe Zanna, robots | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 6, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Longmei Zhang
Version in 中文 (Chinese)
The word “rebalancing” is often used to describe China’s economic transition. But what does it mean? And how much is China rebalancing? A recent IMF paper attempts to answer these questions. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, aging, Asia, China, climate change, Financial markets, growth, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Reform | Tagged: aging, China, Chinese economy, Climate change, economic rebalancing, GDP, global financial crisis, IMF, iMFdirect, inequality, International Monetary Fund, investment, pollution, structural reforms | Leave a comment »
Posted on August 17, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Shekhar Aiyar, Christian Ebeke, and Xiaobo Shao
Versions in Français (French), and Español (Spanish)
In parallel to the aging of the general population, the workforce in the euro area is also growing older. This could cause productivity growth to decline in the years ahead, raising another policy challenge for governments already dealing with legacies from the crisis such as high unemployment and debt. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, aging, Employment, euro zone, Europe, growth, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force | Tagged: aging, employment, euro area, Euro Area countries, Europe, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force, productivity, retirees, training, unemployment, United Kingdom, United States, workers | Leave a comment »
Posted on July 20, 2016 by iMFdirect
(Versions in: Bulgarian, Czech, Estonian, Hungarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, and Slovenian)
The opening up of Eastern Europe to the rest of the world in the early 1990s brought about tremendous benefits. The inflow of capital and innovation has led to better institutions, better economic management, and higher efficiency. On the flip side, it has also led to sizable and persistent outflow of people.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Employment, euro zone, Europe, growth, income, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Migration, refugees, unemployment | Tagged: advanced economies, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, East-West migration, eastern Europe, emigration, employment, Estonia, Europe, European Union, GDP, growth, Hungary, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, jobs, labor force, Latvia, Lithuania, pan-European, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia | Leave a comment »
Posted on July 13, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Anne-Marie Gulde-Wolf
Version in Français (French), Português (Portuguese)
There are many reasons why deeper financial development—the increase in deposits and loans but also their accessibility and improved financial sector efficiency—is good for sustainable growth in sub-Saharan Africa. For one, it helps mobilize savings and to direct funds into productive uses, for example by providing the start-up capital for the next innovative enterprise. This in turn facilitates a more efficient allocation of resources and increases overall productivity.
Filed under: Africa, Economic outlook, Financial regulation, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment | Tagged: financial inclusion, Financial regulation, financial sector, growth, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, investment, Pan-African banks, Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, stability, Sub-Saharan Africa | Leave a comment »