Low growth, high inequality, and slow progress on structural reforms are among the key issues that G20 leaders will discuss at their meeting in Hangzhou, China, this weekend. This meeting comes at an important moment for the global economy. The political pendulum threatens to swing against economic openness, and without forceful policy actions, the world could suffer from disappointing growth for a long time. Continue reading
by Jeff Hayden
My mother eases her car into the drive-through lane at our local bank, signs the back of her check, and places it in a metal canister. WHOOSH—the cylinder flies through a pneumatic tube to the teller inside the building.
In a few minutes, the teller squawks her thanks from the intercom speaker nearby. Another WHOOSH, and the canister returns. Inside we find a deposit receipt and a lollipop. Welcome to high-efficiency consumer banking, circa 1973.
Summer 2016. In our kitchen, I watch my oldest son rip open his paycheck and whip out his iPhone. TAP. SWIPE. CLICK. The deposit is made in an instant, thanks to an app that plugs him into an electronic banking network.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Africa, Asia, banking, China, developing countries, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, euro zone, Europe, Finance, Globalization, IMF, International Monetary Fund, technology | Tagged: Aditya Narain, Andrew Berg, Chris Wellisz, cybercrime, cybertheft, de dollarization, Edward Buffie, Felipe Zanna, Hal Varian, monetary policy, Nancy Birdsall, Peru, public-private partnerships, remittances, robots, Sanjiv Ranjan Das, Sharmini Coorey, smart machines, technology | Leave a comment »
What should governments do about high public debt-to-GDP ratios? This question is getting much-deserved attention. Let’s abstract from macroeconomic (business cycle) considerations and look at the issue purely from an optimal tax smoothing perspective—that is, weighing the cost and benefits of raising taxes to pay down debt. By doing so we decidedly do not engage in the current debate about the contribution that fiscal policy may make to demand management. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: deb ratios, debt reduction, debt-to-GDP ratio, IMF, tax smoothing, taxation, United Kingdom, United States | Leave a comment »
It’s been a busy summer, and you might not have had a chance to read everything as it came across your screen. So as your holidays wind down and you head to work, the editors at iMFdirect have put together some key blogs on hot topics to help you get back up to speed by September.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Asia, banking, China, climate change, Emerging Markets, Employment, Europe, IMF, inflation, International Monetary Fund, labor markets, monetary policy, oil, refugees, U.S. | Tagged: aging work force, carbon tax, China, emigration | Leave a comment »
In parallel to the aging of the general population, the workforce in the euro area is also growing older. This could cause productivity growth to decline in the years ahead, raising another policy challenge for governments already dealing with legacies from the crisis such as high unemployment and debt. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, aging, Employment, euro zone, Europe, growth, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force | Tagged: aging, employment, euro area, Euro Area countries, Europe, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force, productivity, retirees, training, unemployment, United Kingdom, United States, workers | Leave a comment »
We have a global economy, but we don’t have a global currency. Or do we?
In this podcast interview with Benjamin Cohen, professor of International Political Economy at the University of California, Cohen explains why currencies become internationalized, and examines the relationship between world currencies and State power. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, developing countries, euro zone, Europe, Finance, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Benjamin Cohen, China, currency, currency internationalization, International Monetary Fund, sovereignty, state power, U.S. dollar, yuan | Leave a comment »
More than two years ago, seeking to revive a moribund economy, the European Central Bank (ECB) embarked on a new monetary policy measure: charging interest on excess liquidity that banks held at the central bank. The move complemented a series of other easing measures aimed at bringing inflation back to the ECB’s price stability objective of below, but close to, two percent over the medium term. Continue reading
Filed under: banking, Economic research, euro zone, Europe, Financial regulation, IMF, International Monetary Fund, negative interest rates | Tagged: banking, ECB, economic growth, Europe, European Central Bank, excess liquidity, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Japan, monetary policy, negative interest rates, negative rate policy, price stability, Switzerland | 2 Comments »