Posted on October 22, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Sonali Jain-Chandra, Kalpana Kochhar, and Monique Newiak
(Versions in عربي, 中文, Français, 日本語, Русский, and Español)
Despite progress, wide gaps between women and men’s economic empowerment and opportunity remain, which policymakers need to tackle urgently. In most countries, more men than women work, and they get paid more for similar work. Also, there are considerable gender gaps in access to education, health and finance in a number of countries. There is mounting evidence that the lack of gender equity imposes large economic costs as it hampers productivity and weighs on growth.
Our new study analyzes the links between these two phenomena—inequality of income and that of gender. We find that gender inequality is strongly associated with income inequality across time and countries of all income groups.
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Fiscal policy, Globalization, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Reform | Tagged: developing economies, education, empowering women, gender wage gap, Germany, income inequality, India, inequality, infrastructure, Japan, labor force, tax policy, women labor force participation | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 15, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Ratna Sahay, Martin Cihak, Papa N’Diaye, Adolfo Barajas, and Srobona Mitra
(Version in Français, Español, عربي)
A growing number of policymakers see financial inclusion—greater access to financial services throughout a country’s population—as a way to promote and make economic development work for society. More than 60 countries have adopted national financial inclusion targets and strategies. Opening bank accounts for all in India and encouraging mobile payments platforms in Peru are just two examples. Evidence for individuals and firms suggests that greater access to financial services indeed makes a difference in investment, food security, health outcomes, and other aspects of daily life. Our study looks at the benefits to the economy as a whole.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Finance, Financial regulation, Fiscal policy, growth, IMF | Tagged: banks, economic growth, finance, financial inclusion, growth, India, inequality, infrastructure, Middle East, Peru, United States, women | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 2, 2015 by iMFdirect
This year’s IMF Annual Meetings are going on the road…to Lima, Peru. All the big debates will focus on economics, finance, inequality, financial inclusion, emerging markets, commodities and many more.
Since you’ve been reading gossip magazines at the beach busy this summer, we thought you might like a handy refresher on some of our blogs in recent months about Latin America.
Filed under: Annual Meetings, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Español, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, Globalization, growth, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Latin America | Tagged: Annual Meetings, Caribbean, commodities, emerging market, inequality, Latin America, Peru | Leave a comment »
Posted on August 27, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Jeff Hayden
Between 2004 and 2013, Latin America recorded impressive growth and strong progress on a range of social issues. High commodity prices combined with strengthened economic management and progressive social policies to propel the region forward.
This strength was all the more striking against the backdrop of the 2008–09 global financial crisis, which mired many advanced economies in recession but saw emerging markets, including many in Latin America, power ahead. This led some observers to dub the period the “Latin American decade.”
Now, as the world’s economic leaders prepare to gather in Lima, Peru, in October for the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, the picture looks quite different.
Filed under: Annual Meetings, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Español, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, Globalization, growth, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Latin America, Reform | Tagged: commodiity prices, corruption, F&D, Finance & Development. F&D, inequality, islamic finance, labor force, Latin America, trade | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 15, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Era Dabla-Norris, Kalpana Kochhar, and Evridiki Tsounta
(Versions in Español, 中文 , 日本語, عربي,and Русский)
The gap between the rich and the poor is at its widest in decades in advanced countries, and inequality is also rising in major emerging markets (Chart 1). It is becoming increasingly clear that these developments have profound economic implications.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Africa, Asia, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Fiscal policy, growth, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Latin America, Low-income countries, Middle East, Reform | Tagged: education, health care, income inequality, inequality, labor market, Latin America, middle class, Middle East and North Africa, poor, rich and poor, Sub-Saharan Africa | 5 Comments »
Posted on June 5, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Alejandro Werner
(Versions in Español and Português)
Latin America has reached a critical moment. So much better off than two decades ago, and still facing deep-seated problems that get in the way of sustained strong growth and economic development. To better understand these problems from countries’ perspectives, and explore ways the IMF and others can help address them, we brought together experts from the region and beyond—central bankers, finance ministers, and academics—for a high-level conference in Washington, D.C. earlier this week.
Under the theme of “Rising Challenges to Growth and Stability,” participants engaged in lively debates about the current difficulties facing Latin America and the policy priorities for now and the future.
Here are my main takeaways from the event:
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Emerging Markets, Employment, Español, Finance, Fiscal policy, Globalization, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Latin America, Reform | Tagged: Annual Meetings, commodiity prices, economic development, economic diversification, education, governance, inequality, infrastructure, investment, Latin America, Peru, Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere, trade, U.S. interest rates | Leave a comment »
Posted on April 23, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Sabina Bhatia
Washington is at its best in the spring. Green shoots pop out, daffodils and magnolias are in full bloom and the cherry blossoms cast a pink halo over the city. After a long, cold winter, there is hope everywhere.
And so it was with the 2015 Spring Meetings of the IMF and World Bank. Hope was in the air—would the global economy avoid the “new mediocre” from becoming the “new reality?” Would Greece reach agreement with its creditors? Would there be progress on IMF governance reform?
Filed under: Africa, Annual Meetings, Asia, Civil Society, Economic outlook, Employment, Europe, Global Governance, growth, IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Multilateral Cooperation, Reform | Tagged: Christine Lagarde, Civil Society, civil society organizations, Climate change, ebola, gender, IMF-World Bank Spring Meetings, inequality, infrastructure, Oxfam, women | Leave a comment »