Posted on March 13, 2017 by iMFdirect
By Angana Banerji, Era Dabla-Norris, Romain Duval, and Davide Furceri
Versions in 中文 (Chinese), Français (French),Deutsch (German), Русский (Russian), and Español (Spanish)
Many advanced countries need structural reforms to make their economies more productive and raise long-term living standards. Our new research shows that provided countries can afford it, fiscal policy, through spending or tax incentives, can help governments overcome some obstacles to the reforms, particularly in the early stages. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Fiscal policy, International Monetary Fund, labor markets, structural reforms | Tagged: An Optimist’s Guide to Thriving in the Age of Accelerations, corporate taxes, debt, deregulation, employment, Finland, fiscal policy, GDP, Germany, growth, Ireland, jobs, labor market reforms, product market reforms, productivity, spending, tax incentives, tax revenues, the Netherlands, United Kingdom | Leave a comment »
Posted on January 5, 2017 by iMFdirect
The IMF will assess a range of financial systems in 2017: large ones such as China and Japan, medium-sized ones like Luxembourg, Spain, and Turkey, and small ones such as Guyana and Zambia. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic research, Financial markets, International Monetary Fund, monetary policy | Tagged: Bahrain, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Finland, FSAP, Germany, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Japan, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom, Zambia | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 10, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Eugenio Cerutti, Jihad Dagher, and Giovanni Dell’Ariccia
Housing finance—considered one of the villains of the recent global financial crisis—was seen, at least until recently, as a vehicle for economic growth and social stability. Broader access to housing finance promotes home ownership, especially for younger and poorer households; which in turn is often linked to social stability, and ultimately economic growth.
But real-estate boom episodes have often ended in busts with dire economic consequences, especially when the boom was financed through fast credit growth. Several countries have seen these boom-bust patterns over the last decade, particularly in some of the hardest hit countries during the global financial crises, such as Ireland, Spain, and the United States. Despite having different mortgage market structures, these three countries saw an astonishing increase in house prices and construction on the back of risky lending which was followed by a painful adjustment period—a mortgage credit boom gone bad.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Finance, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Reform | Tagged: house prices, household debt, housing market, Ireland, monetary policy, mortgages, real estate, Spain, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on May 4, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Ratna Sahay, Martin Čihák, and Papa N’Diaye
The world still lives in the shadow of the global financial crisis that began in the United States in 2008. The U.S. experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown exponentially and beyond traditional banks. It triggered a rethinking of the extent and speed of the expansion of a country’s financial sector, and raised questions about which policies promote a safe financial system.
In our new study, we emphasize that the most commonly used indicator—bank credit—is not sufficient to measure the size and scope of a country’s financial development. We create a comprehensive index for over 170 countries to answer several policy questions from the perspective of emerging markets.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Europe, Finance, growth | Tagged: capital markets, Ecuador, emerging market, financial deepening, financial development, financial markets, financial stability, Gambia, growth, Ireland, Japan, liquidity, Morocco, Poland, U.S., United Kingdom, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 31, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Yan Liu, Kenneth Kang, Dermot Monaghan, and Wolfgang Bergthaler
Six years after the global financial crisis, Europe continues to be weighed down by high levels of corporate debt and millions of nonperforming loans. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) bear a disproportionately heavy burden. Their nonperforming loan ratios are on average more than double those of their larger corporate cousins. This is worrisome. SMEs are the lifeblood of the European economy, comprising 99 percent of all businesses and employing nearly two of every three workers in Europe. Given the importance of smaller businesses to the economy, addressing their problem loans could lay the foundation for a more robust and sustainable economic recovery.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic research, Europe, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, Government, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Reform | Tagged: Cyprus, euro zone, Europe, European Central Bank, Greece, Ireland, non-performing loans, nonperforming loans, small and medium-sized enterprises | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 11, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Jochen Andritzky
(Versions in Español)
In housing crises, high mortgage debt can feed a vicious circle of falling housing prices and economic slowdown. As a result, more households default on their mortgages and the crisis deepens. A new IMF Working Paper studies the differences in the housing crises and policy responses in Iceland, Ireland, Spain, and the United States, and argues that crisis policies geared to provide temporary debt service relief for struggling households, followed by durable loan modifications, can help break this vicious circle.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Europe, Financial Crisis, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Reform | Tagged: Foreclosures, house prices, housing market, Iceland, Ireland, loans, mortgages, recession, Spain, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on February 19, 2015 by iMFdirect
By Bergljot Bjørnson Barkbu, S. Pelin Berkmen, and Hanni Schölermann
Investment in the euro area, and particularly private investment, has not recovered since the onset of the global financial crisis.
In fact, the decline in investment has been much more drastic than in other financial crises; and is more in line with the most severe of these crises (see Chart 1). The October 2014 World Economic Outlook showed that many governments cut investment because their finances became strained during the crisis. In addition, housing investment collapsed in some countries, reflecting a natural scaling back after an unsustainable boom. But what is holding back private non-residential investment?
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic research, Europe, Financial Crisis, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Investment, Reform | Tagged: banking union, euro area, France, Germany, Greece, investment, Ireland, Italy, monetary policy, Portugal, Spain, structural reform | Leave a comment »