Posted on February 9, 2017 by iMFdirect
By Philip Daniel, Michael Keen, Artur Swistak, and Victor Thuronyi
Versions in Français (French), Português (Portuguese), and Español (Spanish)
Seventy percent of the world’s poorest people live in countries rich in oil, natural gas or minerals, making effective taxation of these extractive industries critical to alleviating poverty and achieving sustained growth. But national borders make that task much harder, opening possibilities for tax avoidance by multinationals and raising tough jurisdictional issues when resource deposits cross frontiers. Continue reading
Filed under: developing countries, Economic research, Fiscal policy, growth, infrastructure, International Monetary Fund, oil, taxation | Tagged: cross-border linkages, developing countries, extractive industries, IMF, iMFdirect blog, infrastructure, Mauritania, minerals, natural resources, oil, sustainable growth, taxation, technology, transfer pricing | Leave a comment »
Posted on May 30, 2012 by iMFdirect
By Anoop Singh
The sharp reduction in China’s current account surplus over recent years has ignited a flurry of speculation about whether the world’s second largest economy has achieved the fundamental, economic rebalancing which many have been pressing for. That is, rebalancing in terms of reduced dependence on exports, and increasing reliance on the domestic market by boosting consumer demand.
My own opinion is that it is too early to say. True, China’s current account surplus fell to around 2.8 percent of gross domestic product in 2011, from a pre-crisis peak of more than 10 percent in 2007. And while the reduction in China’s current account surplus is welcome news, we remain concerned that these changes may not represent a sustained, downward trend.
One possible sign of a durable turnaround in China’s current account surplus would be a pickup in consumption growth but there is little evidence that consumption is rising as a share of GDP.
Filed under: Asia, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Financial Crisis, Fiscal policy, growth, Inequality, Investment, Politics, Public debt | Tagged: 12th Five Year Plan, Anoop Singh, Asia, China, consumption, current account, d, domestic demand, energy, exports, GDP. World Economic Outlook, iMFdirect, imports, infrastructure, Japan, Korea, machinery, minerals, surplus | 2 Comments »
Posted on December 15, 2010 by iMFdirect
By Leslie Lipschitz
(Version in Español | Français | عربي )
Countries rich in natural resources are often looked at with envy: they face few financial constraints and that should speed their development path. But the reality is less rosy. Countries with an abundance of natural resources—typically oil, gas or minerals—have, on average, performed less well than comparable non-resource rich countries.
That raises one of the perennial questions in economic policymaking. How to manage the economic and social challenges that stem from resource wealth? Or, to borrow the words of Professor Thorvaldur Gylfason (University of Iceland), how to prevent “nature’s bounty” from “becoming the curse of the common people”? Continue reading
Filed under: Africa, Civil Society, International Monetary Fund, Low-income countries, Middle East | Tagged: development, distribution of profits, exchange rate regimes, exploration costs, fiscal policy, gas, good governance, High Level Seminar on Natural Resources, investment strategy, minerals, monetary policy, natural resources, oil, resource wealth, sovereign wealth funds, stable macroeconomic environment, technical assistance, training | 3 Comments »