Posted on February 22, 2017 by iMFdirect
By Prakash Loungani and Jonathan D. Ostry
Versions in عربي (Arabic), 中文 (Chinese), Français (French), and Español (Spanish)
Over the past three decades, income inequality has gone up in most advanced economies and in many developing ones as well. Why? Much of the research on inequality has focused on advances in technology and liberalization of trade as the main drivers. While technology and trade are global trends that are difficult to resist, IMF studies have shown that the design of government policies matters and can help limit increases in inequality. Continue reading
Filed under: capital markets, developing countries, Economic research, growth, IMF, inclusive growth, income, Inequality | Tagged: capital markets, developing economies, Ethiopia, growth, IMF, iMFdirect blog, income distribution, income inequality, inequality, Jonathan Ostry, labor markets, Myanmar, Prakash Loungani, predistribution, redistribution, sustainable growth | Leave a comment »
Posted on February 7, 2014 by iMFdirect
By Prakash Loungani
(Version in Español)
Over 200 million people are unemployed around the globe today, over a fifth of them in advanced economies. Unemployment rates in these economies shot up at the onset of the Great Recession and, five years later, remain very high. Some argue that this is to be expected given that the economy remains well below trend and press for greater easing of macroeconomic policies (e.g. Krugman, 2011, Kocherlakota (2014)). Others suggest that the job losses, particularly in countries like Spain and Ireland, have been too large to be explained by developments in output, and may largely reflect structural problems in their labor markets. Even in the United States, where unemployment rates have fallen over the past year, there is concern that increasing numbers of people are dropping out of the labor force, thus decoupling jobs and growth.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Economic outlook, Economic research, Employment, Finance, growth, International Monetary Fund, recession | Tagged: Austria, employment, Great Recession, Ireland, Italy, jobs, labor force, labor market, Prakash Loungani, Spain, structural reform, unemployed, unemployment, United States | Leave a comment »
Posted on September 14, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Jeremy Clift
We used to think that overall economic growth would pull everyone up. While the rich might be getting richer, everyone would benefit and would see higher living standards. That was the unspoken bargain of the market system.
But now research is showing that, in many countries, inequality is on the rise and the gap between the rich and the poor is widening, particularly over the past quarter-century.
With taxpayers footing the bill for troubles in the financial industry in advanced economies during the global economic crisis, this discrepancy seems particularly galling to wage-earners who have seen their pay stagnate or worse. Inequality has started to attract more research by economists.
The September 2011 issue of Finance & Development (F&D) looks at income inequality around the world and how it matters. Continue reading
Filed under: IMF, Inequality, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Andrew Berg, bank bailouts, Branko Milanovic, economic growth, Finance & Development magazine, global economic crisis, income inequality, inequality, Jonathan Ostry, Paul Krugman, Prakash Loungani, rich and poor, unemployment | 3 Comments »