Posted on August 17, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Shekhar Aiyar, Christian Ebeke, and Xiaobo Shao
Versions in Français (French), and Español (Spanish)
In parallel to the aging of the general population, the workforce in the euro area is also growing older. This could cause productivity growth to decline in the years ahead, raising another policy challenge for governments already dealing with legacies from the crisis such as high unemployment and debt. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, aging, Employment, euro zone, Europe, growth, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force | Tagged: aging, employment, euro area, Euro Area countries, Europe, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force, productivity, retirees, training, unemployment, United Kingdom, United States, workers | Leave a comment »
Posted on June 22, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Christine Lagarde
Version in Español (Spanish)
The U.S. economy is in good shape, despite some setbacks in very recent months. The latest IMF review of the U.S. economy can be summed up in three numbers: above 2, below 5, and 4. What does that mean?
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Financial markets, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor markets, monetary policy, U.S. | Tagged: advanced economies, Christine Lagarde, GDP, growth, IMF, income inequality, International Monetary Fund, labor force, population, poverty, productivity, productivity gains, trade, United States, US ecconomy, women | Leave a comment »
Posted on February 11, 2016 by iMFdirect
By Poul M. Thomsen
Versions in عربي (Arabic), Español, Français, and ελληνικά (Greek)
Having successfully pulled Greece from the brink last summer and subsequently stabilized the economy, the government of Alexis Tsipras is now discussing with its European partners and the IMF a comprehensive multi-year program that can secure a lasting recovery and make debt sustainable. While discussions continue, there have been some misperceptions about the International Monetary Fund’s views and role in the process. I thought it would be useful to clarify issues.
Filed under: Debt Relief, euro zone, Europe, Government, Greece, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: debt, debt relief, debt sustainability, euro zone, Europe, financial stability, GDP, Germany, government, Greece, Grexit, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, pension reform, productivity | Leave a comment »
Posted on December 18, 2013 by iMFdirect
By Era Dabla-Norris and Kalpana Kochar
(Version in Español)
The era of remarkable growth in many emerging market economies fueled by cheap money and high commodity prices may very well be coming to an end.
The slowdown reflects not just inadequate global demand, but also structural factors that are rendering previous growth engines less effective, and the fact that economic “good times” reduced the incentives to implement further reforms to enhance productivity. With the end of the period of favorable global financing and trade conditions, the time is nigh for governments to make strong efforts to increase productivity—the essential foundation of sustainable growth and rising living standards. Continue reading
Filed under: Asia, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Finance, Financial regulation, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Latin America | Tagged: emerging markets, employment, financial markets, Financial regulation, financial supervision, growth, iMFdirect, infrastructure, International Monetary Fund, Labor, productivity | 1 Comment »
Posted on May 29, 2013 by iMFdirect
By Sebastián Sosa, Evridiki Tsounta, and Hye Sun Kim
(Versions in Español and Português)
Latin America has enjoyed strong growth during the last decade, with annual growth averaging 4½ percent compared with 2¾ in the 1980s and 1990s. What is behind this remarkable economic performance and will this growth be sustainable in the years ahead?
Our recent study (see also our working paper) looks at the supply-side drivers of growth for a large group of Latin American countries, to identify what’s behind the recent strong output performance.
Filed under: Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Español, Fiscal policy, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Latin America | Tagged: capital, employment, GDP, growth, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, Labor, Latin America, output, productivity | Leave a comment »
Posted on March 18, 2013 by iMFdirect
By Christine Lagarde
(Version in عربي)
I was in Algiers last week, my first time as the Managing Director of the IMF. It was a good visit: we reaffirmed the special partnership between Algeria and the IMF, and I was able to gain a deeper insight into Algeria’s aspirations—and also its challenges in reaching a hopeful future.
Filed under: Africa, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Algeria, budget, business leaders, Christine Lagarde, civil society organizations, debt levels, economy, employment, energy, external deficits, gas, grwoth, IMF, iMFdirect, inclusive growth, inflation, International Monetary Fund, jobs, labor market policies, oil, private sector, productivity, subsidies, women, youth unemployment | Leave a comment »
Posted on February 15, 2013 by iMFdirect
By Nemat Shafik
During the years that followed the euro’s introduction, financial integration proceeded rapidly and markets and governments hailed it as a sign of success. The widespread belief was that it would benefit both south and north—capital was finally able to flow to where it would best be used and foster real convergence.
But in fact, a lasting convergence in productivity did not materialize across the European Union. Instead, a competitiveness divide emerged. As the financial crisis gripped the euro area in 2010, these and other problems came to the fore.
Three years later, the financial symptoms of the crisis are thankfully receding with a new sense of optimism in markets. But the underlying problems—lack of convergence of productivity and the structural flaws in the architecture of the monetary union—have only been partially addressed.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Employment, Europe, Finance, Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, Fiscal policy, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: central banks, emerging economies, euro zone, Europe, European Union, financial integration, fiscal integration, fiscal union, Germany, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, Italy, monetary union, productivity, Spain | Leave a comment »