The U.S. labor market seems to have finally healed. The unemployment rate has been below 5 percent for some time and job growth is steady. And more Americans are coming back to the labor market—in other words, labor participation is increasing. Yet, despite a bump-up in 2015, wage growth so far this year—compared to the 2000s—is still disappointingly low (see Chart 1). This is worrying because consumer spending, which makes up the majority of U.S. economic output, cannot continue at the current pace unless wages grow. Continue reading
In parallel to the aging of the general population, the workforce in the euro area is also growing older. This could cause productivity growth to decline in the years ahead, raising another policy challenge for governments already dealing with legacies from the crisis such as high unemployment and debt. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, aging, Employment, euro zone, Europe, growth, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force | Tagged: aging, employment, euro area, Euro Area countries, Europe, health, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor force, productivity, retirees, training, unemployment, United Kingdom, United States, workers | Leave a comment »
Version in Español (Spanish)
The U.S. economy is in good shape, despite some setbacks in very recent months. The latest IMF review of the U.S. economy can be summed up in three numbers: above 2, below 5, and 4. What does that mean?
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic research, Financial markets, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, labor markets, monetary policy, U.S. | Tagged: advanced economies, Christine Lagarde, GDP, growth, IMF, income inequality, International Monetary Fund, labor force, population, poverty, productivity, productivity gains, trade, United States, US ecconomy, women | Leave a comment »
Having successfully pulled Greece from the brink last summer and subsequently stabilized the economy, the government of Alexis Tsipras is now discussing with its European partners and the IMF a comprehensive multi-year program that can secure a lasting recovery and make debt sustainable. While discussions continue, there have been some misperceptions about the International Monetary Fund’s views and role in the process. I thought it would be useful to clarify issues.
Filed under: Debt Relief, euro zone, Europe, Government, Greece, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: debt, debt relief, debt sustainability, euro zone, Europe, financial stability, GDP, Germany, government, Greece, Grexit, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, pension reform, productivity | Leave a comment »
(Version in Español)
The era of remarkable growth in many emerging market economies fueled by cheap money and high commodity prices may very well be coming to an end.
The slowdown reflects not just inadequate global demand, but also structural factors that are rendering previous growth engines less effective, and the fact that economic “good times” reduced the incentives to implement further reforms to enhance productivity. With the end of the period of favorable global financing and trade conditions, the time is nigh for governments to make strong efforts to increase productivity—the essential foundation of sustainable growth and rising living standards. Continue reading
Filed under: Asia, Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Finance, Financial regulation, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Latin America | Tagged: emerging markets, employment, financial markets, Financial regulation, financial supervision, growth, iMFdirect, infrastructure, International Monetary Fund, Labor, productivity | 1 Comment »
Latin America has enjoyed strong growth during the last decade, with annual growth averaging 4½ percent compared with 2¾ in the 1980s and 1990s. What is behind this remarkable economic performance and will this growth be sustainable in the years ahead?
Filed under: Economic research, Emerging Markets, Employment, Español, Fiscal policy, growth, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Latin America | Tagged: capital, employment, GDP, growth, IMF, iMFdirect, International Monetary Fund, Labor, Latin America, output, productivity | Leave a comment »
(Version in عربي)
I was in Algiers last week, my first time as the Managing Director of the IMF. It was a good visit: we reaffirmed the special partnership between Algeria and the IMF, and I was able to gain a deeper insight into Algeria’s aspirations—and also its challenges in reaching a hopeful future.
Filed under: Africa, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: Algeria, budget, business leaders, Christine Lagarde, civil society organizations, debt levels, economy, employment, energy, external deficits, gas, grwoth, IMF, iMFdirect, inclusive growth, inflation, International Monetary Fund, jobs, labor market policies, oil, private sector, productivity, subsidies, women, youth unemployment | Leave a comment »