Posted on May 27, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Aditya Narain and İnci Ötker-Robe
Folklore is riddled with tales of a lone actor undoing a titan: David and Goliath; Heracles and Atlas; Jack and the Beanstalk, to name a few.
Financial institutions seen as too important to fail have become even larger and more complex since the global crisis. We need look no further than the example of investment bank Lehman Brothers to understand how one financial institution’s failure can threaten the global financial system and create devastating effects to economies around the world. Continue reading
Filed under: Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: bailout, Basel III, capital requirements, crisis prevention, financial disclosure, financial institutions, financial stability, financial supervision, global financial system, investment bank, market discipline, moral hazard, resolution regime, systemic collapse, systemic risk, too big to fail, too important to fail | 3 Comments »
Posted on April 8, 2011 by iMFdirect
By José Viñals
When the global financial system was thrown into crisis, many policymakers were shocked to discover a gaping hole in their policy toolkit.
They have since made significant progress in developing macroprudential policy measures aimed at containing system-wide risks in the financial sector. Yet progress has been uneven. Greater efforts are needed to transform this policy patchwork into an effective crisis-prevention toolkit.
Given the enormous economic and human cost of the recent financial debacle, I strongly believe that we cannot afford to miss this opportunity for substantial reform. Continue reading
Filed under: Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, G-20, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: capital requirements, credit growth, crisis prevention, financial stability, global financial crisis, global financial system, loan-to-value ratio, macroprudential policies, macroprudential regulation, regulatory arbitrage, systemic risk | 9 Comments »
Posted on March 9, 2011 by iMFdirect
By Stijn Claessens and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu
(Version in Español)
Crises are like stories; they have a beginning, middle, and an end, and on occasion, we learn something along the way.
In times of crisis, choices must be made. In the most recent global economic crisis policymakers moved quickly to stabilize the system, providing massive financial support, which is the right response in the beginning of any crisis. But that only treated the symptoms of the global financial meltdown, and now a rare opportunity is being thrown away to tackle the underlying causes.
Without restructuring financial institutions’ balance sheets and their operations, as well as their assets ‒ loans to over-indebted households and enterprises ‒ the economic recovery will suffer, and the seeds will be sown for the next crisis. Continue reading
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: bank balance sheets, cross-border exposures, financial institutions, financial restructuring, financial sector, financial sector reform, financial sector regulation, financial system risk, global economic crisis, nonperforming loans, resolution mechanisms, restructure assets, stress tests, systemic risk | 8 Comments »
Posted on October 22, 2010 by iMFdirect
By John Lipsky
The devastating impact of the global financial crisis created a consensus that pre-crisis financial regulation didn’t take the “big picture” of the system as a whole sufficiently into account and, as a result, supervisors in many markets “missed the forest for the trees.” In other words, they did not take into account the macro-prudential aspects of regulation, which has now become the focus of many authorities.
Consensus regarding the need for macro-prudential regulation is particularly striking—previously this type of regulation had been used relatively little and, at present, there are no agreed standards that can be applied internationally. Continue reading
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, IMF, International Monetary Fund | Tagged: cross-border exposures, global crisis, Macro-prudential policies: Asian perspectives, macroprudential regulation, Microprudential regulations, Shanghai conference, standard-setting bodies, systemic risk | 22 Comments »
Posted on August 16, 2010 by iMFdirect
By Laura Kodres
Just as a tornado in Kansas transplanted Dorothy and, her dog, Toto, from familiar comforts to the unknown land of Oz, the global crisis has led many to wonder what has become of the global financial system and, more importantly, what will it look like next. Is the wicked witch of the West—excessive risk taking and leverage—really dead?
But now, as the storm subsides, there is time to speculate about what the future financial sector might look like. My IMF colleague, Aditya Narain, and I have done just that in a new Staff Position Note that attempts to discern the contours of this new financial landscape. What is clear is that the new landscape will be influenced by both the private and public sectors—their reactions to the crisis and to each other.
Filed under: Advanced Economies, Economic Crisis, Emerging Markets, Financial Crisis, Financial regulation, IMF, International Monetary Fund, Multilateral Cooperation | Tagged: banks, contagion, deleveraging, financial reform, Financial regulation, financial sector reform, financial sector supervision, financial supervision, financial system risk, global financial system, leverage, macrofinancial linkages, macroprudential regulation, nonbanks, regulatory perimeter, risk taking, systemic collapse, systemic risk | 5 Comments »
Posted on December 1, 2009 by iMFdirect
By José Viñals
Some countries with similar financial and regulatory systems fared differently during this crisis. What are the reasons for this? And what made some financial institutions with similar business models, and in the same country, better equipped to deal with the virulence of the crisis? To find the answers, we need to ask the following question: How well did the four key components of a sound financial system―good regulation, effective supervision, robust risk management, and credible resolution mechanisms―perform?
A lot of attention has been paid to improving regulation, the first key component. Sweeping changes are being proposed through new and enhanced rules of the game, such as higher capital, loan loss provisions, liquidity buffers, and limits on executive compensation. I believe that corresponding changes are also needed in the other three components if a crisis of this magnitude is to be avoided in the future.
Filed under: Economic Crisis, Financial regulation | Tagged: Financial regulation, financial sector supervision, resolution regime, risk management, systemic risk | 1 Comment »